International Studies & Programs

Home > GCFSI Activities

Employment Trends

For this GCFSI center-led project, researchers will conduct surveys in Tanzania and Mozambique to help predict possible employment trends among milled grain retailers and processors over the next 15-20 years; cost effective and gender-sensitive policies and programs that could increase overall employment in food processing; and training and workforce development implications.


Project Lead: David Tschirley

Tschirley_Zambia.JPGWith funding from the Feed the Future Food Security Policy Innovation Lab and from the MasterCard Foundation, GCFSI faculty researcher David Tschirley will be leading surveys of retailers and processors for milled grains in Tanzania and poultry in Mozambique. Data collected will include each firm’s number of employees, their level of training, the level of training desired for them by the business owner, and the owner’s perception of other training needs.

With modest support from GCFSI, this information--together with information on recent firm growth and trends in firm ownership, size, and employment (broken down by sex and age)--will be used to develop scenarios to predict (a) possible trajectories for employment in the sector over the next 15-20 years; (b) cost effective and gender-sensitive policies and programs that could increase overall employment in food processing; and (c) training and workforce development implications.

Through offices established by the FTF Food Security Policy Innovation Lab in the two countries, and their resident policy advisors, results of this analysis can be fed directly into high-level policy and government program planning discussions. GCFSI’s investment in this research and analysis will therefore leverage significant outside resources, create USAID project synergies, and have strong country-level impacts.



Urbanization and Food System Transformation

Rapidly rising urban populations and renewed growth in per capita incomes in the developing world are creating major opportunities for local farmers by driving vigorous growth in domestic and regional market demand for food. Globalization of food markets is also opening opportunities, though for a smaller set of farmers, for export to high-income countries. At the same time, both these trends present great challenges for developing country food systems. First, the rapid growth in local and regional market demand puts enormous stress on the supply chains that these farmers rely on to respond to this increasing demand. Yet in many parts of the developing world, these systems are dramatically inadequate for current levels and types of demand. Second, changing patterns of consumer demand, towards more perishable products such as fresh produce, milk, and meats, and towards processed, packaged, and prepared foods increase this challenge, demanding a more sophisticated and capitalized system to maintain food quality and minimize problems of food safety. Third, the globalization of food markets means that local and regional producers and traders must increasingly compete with imports for the urban consumption market.